Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a condition causing inflammation of the oesophagus (food pipe). Symptoms experienced with eosinophilic oesophagitis can vary but include dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), food getting stuck and vomiting. Diagnosis of the condition must be made by a Gastroenterologist.
The research into this condition is still progressing, but currently it is thought that food allergy may have a role in the development and treatment of the condition. The 6 food elimination diet is used in some cases, whereby specific foods are avoided, helping to reduce the inflammation in the oesophagus. The diet needs to be followed very carefully and can be quite restrictive, and therefore it is important to have guidance of a Dietitian. This is to ensure that firstly the diet is followed correctly and secondly that the diet remains nutritionally adequate.
After the diet has been followed for a period of time, strategic food challenges are completed to identify dietary triggers. The food challenges must be done in such a way that the allergens are able to be identified; hence guidance of a Dietitian is imperative during the challenge phase.