What does healthy eating actually mean? It can mean different things to different people and isn’t just about the food that you eat. Having a positive relationship with food is also a part of healthy eating. In terms of food, eating a range of foods across the 5 food groups: grains, vegetables, fruit, dairy and meat and meat alternatives – is important. The Australian Dietary Guidelines, incorporating the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating gives direction on how to eat healthily. These guidelines are based on research that indicates that this way of eating helps reduce individual risk of developing lifestyle related conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, obesity and cancer.